Cameroon possesses a wide range of industries ranging from extractive to distribution industry. The extractive industries we have agriculture, mining, crude oil extraction
It is divided into two major branches:
Industrial Agriculture which is export-oriented.
- Food Processing:
In this domain, the breweries stand out tall. Cameroon is got three major breweries and she is one of the major brewers in Africa. Here we have Les Brasseries du Cameroun, Union des Brasseries du Cameroun, and Guinness Cameroon SA.
- Industrial agriculture is for export industries like CDC which produces Bananas, Palm oil, rubber, and pepper; PHP&PMS bananas, SOSUCAM sugar, SAFACAM rubber, SODECOTTON cotton, PAMOL palm oil and rubber HEVECAM rubber.
The above export-oriented industries employ more than 30000 workers.
THE TEXTILE AND LEATHER INDUSTRIES
CICAM is the major textile company in Cameroon created in 1963 with an output of 7500 spun cotton 32 million meters of raw fabrics and 35 million meters of printed fabric. CICAM and its associates employ over 4000 people.
SOLICAM is a subsidiary of CICAM that is specialized in the production of towels especially for exports.
The major problem faced by CICAM is the importation of second hand goods from America and Europe talk less of those smuggled into Cameroon from Asia and Nigeria.
The development of chemical industry in Cameroon is still at its infancy. Most of the raw material used in this industry is either imported or manufactured locally.
In this sector there exist however a good number of industries like CCC Complex Chemique du Cameroun, AZUR SOAP FACTORY, Ets MAYA &Co for the production of refined palm oil and soap, SCIMPOS, CAFCO and FAYADORT for the production of foam etc
As for the cement sector we got the CIMENCAM a subsidiary of Group LAFAGE with an annual output of over 1.5MT from its two plants in the country i.e. Bonaberi and Figuil. In this same sector two major players have come into play i.e. the Dangote cement from Nigeria and CIMAF from Morocco.
The cement sector in Cameroon is booming because of the presence of a good stock of its raw material in Cameroon i.e. limestone in Figuil and pozzolana in the Moungo area.
Most of the cement produced in Cameroon is consumed locally and some is exported to neighboring countries like Chad CAR ETC
Cement import to Cameroon is very minimal but in 2006 cement was import from Egypt, China and Romania.
The Dangote Cement factory has an envisaged $115 million worth of investment and output estimated about 1.6mt/annum of cement and it shall create more than 2000 jobs in Cameroon. The construction is ongoing at the Base ELF area along the banks of river Wouri area.
On the other hand the Cimenterie d’Afrique CIMAF has an envisaged investment worth of about $40 million and expected output to be about 500000 tons/annum with a large propensity to expand as need arises and it is located at the Bonaberi industrial zone and intends to create about 1000 jobs.
It’s worth noting that these cement plants have come to boost up production of cement for Cameroon’s Structuring projects.
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING AND METALLURGICAL INDUSTRIES
Cameroon can be listed in the world of Shipbuilding with the Cameroon Shipyard and Construction Company . The latter was involved was limited to ship repairs but recently stepped into shipbuilding with the conception and the building of a drilling barge in 2008 THE FIRST IN AFRICA MEASURING 90M BY 30M.The barge was called SAIPEMTAD.
ALUCAM a subsidiary to Group Panchery is also present in Cameroon. It transforms Alumina mostly imported from Guinea Conakry
ALUCAM produces over 100000 tons of Aluminum and measures are underway for its increase to about 400000ton/year especially with the construction of the Lom-Pangar dam which shall boost the energy she requires for the said production.
ALUCAM’S alluminium is highly priced because of its purity and guarantee for diverse industries especially the Aviation industry.
Worthy to note here is the fact that ALUCAM is one of the biggest industrial Plants in West and Central Africa.
This sector is predominantly dominated by foreign companies. Goods distributed are mostly imported from Asia, America and Europe. Goods locally gotten include dairy products and some perishables like onion, leaks lettuce etc. Here one is got companies like MAHIMA from India, ARNO from Greece and local companies include Group FOKOU, SOCSUBA etc