Political system: Presidential regime (the State is headed by the President, elected by universal suffrage and the Government is headed by a Prime Minister, appointed by the President and answerable before Parliament)
Head of State: Paul Barthelemy Biya Bi Mvondo
Head of government: Prime Minister Philemon YANG
Political parties in Parliament: Cameroon Peoples’ Democratic Movement (CPDM), Social Democratic Front (SDF), Cameroon Democratic Union (CDU), National Union for Democracy and Progress (NUDP), Movement for the Renaissance of Cameroon (MRC), Union des Populations du Cameroun (UPC)…
Associations: Several associations drawn from various groups
Decentralization: Territory divided into Regions, Divisions, Sub-Divisions (or councils)
Surface area: 475,440 sq km
Climatic conditions: Two major climatic domains: the equatorial and sub-equatorial domain in the south and tropical domains in the north
The equatorial domain is characterized by abundant rainfall and comprises several shades depending on the terrain and proximity to the sea (in general: a dry season from December to March and July to August);
The tropical domain has several variants dependent on the latitude and related relief modulations: a tropical wet climate (dry season from October to January); a tropical Sudanese climate (6 months dry season, irregular rainfall, parching winds); a Sudano-Sahelian tropical climate (8 months dry season)
Population: 23,248,044 inhabitants in 2017
Natural growth rate: 2.6%
Active population: 9,332,000
Activity rate: 76.2%
Urban population: 54.9%
Average age: 19 years
Life expectancy in years: 52 for men and 53.4 for women
Density: The most densely populated regions (more than 100 inhabitants per km2) are the West, Littoral, Far-North and North-West Regions. On the other hand, the Adamawa, East and South Regions are very sparsely populated (less than 15 inhabitants per km²).
GDP per capita in 2015: $3,200 in 2015
Major exports in 2015: oil, aluminium, timber, cocoa, coffee, cotton, banana
Currency: Franc of the African Financial Community (XAF)
Exchange rate: XAF aligned to the euro pursuant to agreement signed on 6 July 1998 with the European Union. Fixed rate of 1 euro = 655.957 CFA francs. US $1 = XAF 528.776 (as on 4 March 2004)
Official languages: English and French
Literacy rate: 67.9%
University studies: Cameroon has 8 (eight) universities, including one Anglo-Saxon university comprising faculties and vocational training schools. In addition to these State establishments, there are many private universities. All these institutions of higher learning offer training various areas like law, political science and economics, arts, letters and social sciences, fundamental sciences and agriculture, industrial techniques, civil engineering and mining, science of education, etc.
Secondary education: Cameroon has many public and private general and technical secondary schools. There are also international colleges and those following the American, Turkish and Spanish curriculums.
Health facilities: Apart from ordinary health facilities found in most cities and agglomerations, Cameroon has 2 (two) General Hospitals in Douala and Yaounde, and Referral Hospitals whose technical platforms offer many services to users.
Airports: Cameroon has 4 (four) international airports in Douala, Yaounde, Garoua and Maroua, as well as secondary airports in Bafoussam, Bertoua, Ngaoundere and Bamenda.
Sea ports: Cameroon has 4 (four) sea ports: a deep sea port in Kribi, a sea port in Douala, a sea port in Limbe and a river port in Garoua.
Hotels: Cameroon has several hotels, including a dozen of 4-star hotels found mostly in Douala and Yaounde.
Main national languages: Ewondo, Foufouldé, Bulu, Bassa, Baya, Sawa, Eton, Bamoun, Maka, Bakweri…
Religions: Catholics: 38.4%
Protestants: 26.3 %
Others: 1 %
Free thinkers: 3.2%
Time zone: Central African time: UTC/GMT +1 hour.
Main cities: Douala: 2,2 million inhabitants;
Yaounde: 1.7 million inhabitants;
Garoua: 600,000 inhabitants;
Bafoussam: 400,000 inhabitants;
Nkongsamba: 300,000 inhabitants;
Bamenda: 280,000 inhabitants
Edea: 250,000 inhabitants;
Kribi: 220,000 inhabitants
Maroua: 220,000 inhabitants;
Ngaoundere: 200,000 inhabitants;
Cameroon has a total of about twenty cities with at least 50,000 inhabitants.
The 10 Regions of Cameroon, their headquarters and languages
No. of divisions
French (majority) English
English (majority) French
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