Agriculture and agro-industry

 

Agriculture is the main stay of the economy. It occupies more than  70% of the actual population, contributes 42% of the GNP and represents 51% of the exports.

Agriculture, bedrock of Cameroon’s economy: Agriculture   is   a   key   and   priority   sector   in Cameroon’s economy. It employs about 70% of the active population, accounts for 19,8% of the GDP and represents 51% of exports. The country’s geographic  location  and  climate  have  endowed  it with a rich and diversified agricultural potential that comprises traditional agriculture and cash-crop cultivation. The major cash-crops are cocoa, coffee, cotton,  banana,  rubber,  Irish  potato  and  pepper. Other crops like groundnuts, sweet potatoes and plantains are grown essentially for household consumption. Agronomic research has been re- launched and is being intensified with a view to improving local productivity.

The Agricultural potential of Cameroon  is very rich and diversified because of the geographical  and climatic situation of the country. Cameroon agriculture comprises more of subsistent farming  while very little transformation into value added produce

or goods is done.

With an  overall surface area of  475,660 km representing some 47million hectares,  Cameroon comprises of  9.2 million hectares of arable land including 7.2 million hectares for farming.

There is a need to promote the processing of agricultural products. Agricultural production is experiencing a boom, not only for traditional crops grown for domestic consumption, but also for the non-traditional crops like Irish potatoes, onions, wheat,   rice   and   various   vegetables,   that   are consumed locally and also exported

OPPORTUNITIES

Rice

  • 90% of all rice consumed locally is imported, indicating significant gap between local demand and supply
  • Rice is second main staple food in the country
  • World consumption expected to increase dramatically, and not likely to be offset by moderate expansion in production, indicating a gap between global demand and supply
  • Favourable agricultural conditions for rice-growing
  • Large interest expressed and demonstrated by foreign investors, evidence of the potential inherent within this sector

Oil Seeds

  • Imports amounting to $17 million, indicating potential to meet demand through local production
  • Unmet local and regional demand for edible oil, animal feed and fuel; booming global demand and prices
  • Oilseed production has beneficial impact upon other sectors within the economy and thus potential for knock-on effect is great
  • Cameroon offers optimal growing conditions in abundance. Surface area, rainfall, climate and soil conditions are conducive to production of oilseeds

Maize

  • 15% of local maize needs satisfied through imports, indicating shortfall between local demand and supply and opportunity to boost production and close the gap.
  • Global demand for maize for use in biofuel, feedstock sectors expected to grow unmatched by increases in supply and, as such, shortfall in global supply anticipated
  • Optimal production zones within Cameroon
  • Potential for large job creation

Cassava

  • 2.3 millions tonnes produced annually less than 10 % transformed great possibility exist in transformation of the product into various derivatives such as starch, flour, bread, sweets etc.