The transport sector is increasingly given pride of place in the implementation of growth revival strategies in Cameroon. The objective is to rehabilitate and develop major roads and rural tracks.
Cameroon has a road network of more than 50,000 km comprising a priority network of 28,600 km with 4950 km of tarred roads, 11,670 km of earth roads and 123,553 km of rural roads ; as well as a transit network serving the CEMAC zone of 6080 km with 3297 km of tarred roads and 3300 km of roads to be tarred. Moreover, the government of Cameroon has been implementing a series of deterrent and repressive measures over the past years to protect road infrastructure. These measures are geared towards respect of the authorized legal loads and the respect of rain gates.
Cameroon has about ten airports that meet the standards of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), including three Class A airports in Yaoundé, Douala and Garoua.
Airlines : the government of Cameroon has initiated a process for the restructuring of the national airline which led to the establishment of CAMAIR CO. Other airlines operate in Cameroon alongside CAMAIR CO, namely Air France, SN Brussels, Kenya Airways, Ethiopian Airlines, Swiss International, West African Airways, Air Gabon, Toumai Air Tchad, Air Ivoire, Lina Congo, Air Guinea Cargo, LHU (Germany), Benin Golf Air, Africa West Cargo, Iberia (Spain), etc.
This sub-sector is currently managed by CAMRAIL, through the concession signed in 1999 with the government. The overall rail network stretches over 1016 km of main tracks. It includes 33 railway stations of which the Bessengue railway station in Douala is the largest.
Railway lines : the rail network is broken up as follows :
Cameroon has a large seaboard which confers on the country a strategic position in the gulf of Guinea. Most of Cameroon’s foreign trade transactions are by sea. The country has four ports at present: the Douala port which is functional, and three other ports under rehabilitation namely Kribi, Limbé and Garoua ports.
The Douala port authority : this port controls most of the maritime transport of Cameroon with 95 per cent of shares representing 5,503,623 tons broken down as follows: 5.4 million tons for international traffic, 140723 tons for cabotage traffic, including 1215 ocean vessels and 2147 cabotage ships. Wood and lumber products account for 65 per cent of the total volume of exports excluding cabotage.
Shipping lines : the liberalization policy initiated by the Cameroon government in 1998 in the port sub-sector led to the privatization of the National Shipping Line CAMSHIP in which the State had 67 percent of capital. The Cameroon Handling and Stevedoring Company (SOCAMAC), and the Cameroon Container and Transit Transport Company (CAMTENER) which were under State-control were also privatized. Legal framework : the government has made remarkable efforts to reduce the costs and time spent in ports particularly at the Douala port authority which manages the bulk of maritime traffic in Cameroon. The establishment of the One-Stop-Shop for Foreign Trade (GUCE) has contributed to the significant reduction of the period of treatment of goods.