The infrastructure sector occupies a primordial position in the Cameroon vision of Emergence in the year 2035. The sector programme was elaborated in 2008 and is in the Growth and Strategy Paper (ECSD ) adopted in 2009. Since the adoption of these documents, the Cameroon Government has committed itself to the implementation of several development projects, such as the construction of Kribi Deep sea Port and fixing of Lom Pangar, Memve’ele and Mekin hydroelectricity dams etc.
These developmental projects are implemented with the assistance of technical and financial partners in the framework of bilateral and multilateral cooperation or under contracts of public-private partnership (PPP).
A-1 Building Construction
Many building construction projects and public buildings are undertaken by the Government to provide the country with public service utility equipment and ensure the development of populations. There are the construction of hospital, school and university infrastructure, civil construction and hotels and construction of stadia, gymnasia and multi sports platforms.
Some of these works are carried out within the framework of bilateral cooperation, notably first-class hospital facilities, football stadia, technical training centers etc.
A-2 Public Works
In public works sub-sector, the Government has built and continues to build many roads to facilitate transportation of goods and people. These works are carried out on the public investment budget and external financing established with the technical and financial partners: World Bank, African Development Bank, European Development Bank, European Development Fund, Islamic Development Bank etc., or in the framework of bilateral cooperation.
The main work completed or in progress includes:
– the asphalting of Buea – Kumba road;
– the construction and asphalting of Bertoua – Garoua Boulaï – Meiganga – Ngaoundere stretch;
– the construction and asphalting of N’Gaoundéré – Touboro – Chad border road;
– the construction and asphalting of Sangmélima – Djoum – Ouesso – Congo border road;
– the construction and paving of the Mamfe – Nigeria border road;
– the rehabilitation of paved Garoua – Figuil – Magada – Maroua stretch;
– the rehabilitation of paved N’Gaoundéré – Garoua road
The construction of the Yaoundé – Douala highway, first phase: feasibility study on 100 km and work on a linear approximately of 60 km, running and the second phase of about 100 km, with ongoing studies and search for funding.
Meanwhile, several unpaved roads have been constructed or rehabilitated.
Several roads construction and paving projects are under study or search for funding. They are:
Several bridges have been built and some are under construction. They are
– the second bridge over Wouri river
– the bridge over Mayo Sala river
– the bridge over Makabai river
In view of exploiting the mining deposits and extension of railway lines, construction projects are under studies and some concession contracts for studies, financing, construction and operating are in negotiation with private investors. They concern:
– the new Mbalam – Lolabé ( ore terminal ) railway line
– the new Edea – Kribi – Lolabé raillway line
– the doubling of the Makor – Yaounde – Edea railway line
– the construction of Douala – Limbe railway line
– the interconnection railway with Chad, Nagoundéré – Ndjamena via Maroua – Kousseri, feasibility studies about to start.
B-Building material Industries
The development of infrastructure sector generated parallel development of industries producing construction materials: cement, rebar, zinc, wood and aggregates.
Concerning, for example cement, the monopoly is exercised by CIMENCAM company, with its two production plants including one in Douala in the southern part of the country with an annual output of 700 000 tons and the other at Figuil for the northern part of the country, is weaken by the increasing quantities of import cement by companies such as FOKOU, QUIFEYROU and SOCSUBA. Currently, a Nigerian-born investor is about to install a new factory in Douala. Korean investors are also planning to build another cement plant in Limbe.
Privatization of quarries for producing aggregates has led to the availability of aggregates in different regions of the country. However, production is insufficient and we are witnessing the proliferation of manual stone crushers. Other materials are imported or locally manufactured : these include rebars and zinc.
Civil engineering equipment
The only structure that has Civil Engineering Equipment is the National Equipment Pool (MATGENIE), under the supervision of the Ministry of Public Works. However, the number and quality of equipment available in this structure do not satisfy the demand. So this organization is considering in its action plan the acquisition of a number of equipment for the next three years.
The state of need earthmovers is as follows:
Grader automotive 161
Leveler tractor with Ripper 183
Shovel loader 128
Backhoe loader 53
Vibratory Roller 128
Hand roller 42