Infrastructure

The infrastructure sector occupies a primordial position in the Cameroon vision of Emergence in the year 2035. The sector programme was elaborated in 2008 and is in the Growth and Strategy Paper (ECSD ) adopted in 2009. Since the adoption of these documents, the Cameroon Government has committed itself to the implementation of several development projects, such as the construction of Kribi Deep sea Port and fixing of Lom Pangar, Memve’ele and Mekin hydroelectricity dams etc.

These developmental projects are implemented with the assistance of technical and financial partners in the framework of bilateral and multilateral cooperation or under contracts of public-private partnership (PPP).

A-1 Building Construction

Many building construction projects and public buildings are undertaken by the Government to provide the country with public service utility equipment and ensure the development of populations. There are the construction of hospital, school and university infrastructure, civil construction and hotels and construction of stadia, gymnasia and multi sports platforms.

Some of these works are carried out within the framework of bilateral cooperation, notably   first-class hospital facilities, football stadia, technical training centers etc.

A-2 Public Works

In public works sub-sector, the Government has built and continues to build many roads to facilitate transportation of goods and people. These works are carried out on the public investment budget and external financing established with the technical and financial partners: World Bank, African Development Bank, European Development Bank, European Development Fund, Islamic Development Bank etc., or in the framework of bilateral cooperation.

The main work completed or in progress includes:

–          the asphalting of Buea – Kumba road;

–          the construction and asphalting of Bertoua – Garoua Boulaï – Meiganga – Ngaoundere stretch;

–          the construction and asphalting of N’Gaoundéré – Touboro – Chad border road;

–          the construction and asphalting of Sangmélima – Djoum – Ouesso – Congo border road;

–          the construction and paving of the Mamfe – Nigeria border road;

–          the rehabilitation of paved Garoua – Figuil – Magada – Maroua stretch;

–          the rehabilitation of paved N’Gaoundéré – Garoua road

The construction of the Yaoundé – Douala highway, first phase: feasibility study on 100 km and work on a linear approximately of 60 km, running and the second phase of about 100 km, with ongoing studies and search for funding.

Meanwhile, several unpaved roads have been constructed or rehabilitated.

Several roads construction and paving projects are under study or search for funding. They are:

  1. the Kribi – Lolabe deep sea port Highway, funding available,
  2. Lolabé deep sea port – Campo Motorway and bridge over Rio Campo, current funding research,
  3. the LOUM – KUMBA ( Ngongo ) – Mundemba – AKPA road,
  4. the Maltam – Fotokol – Nig. Border road, detailed design available
  5. the KUMBO – Nkambe – MUNGONG – NYOS – WEH – WUM BBUNGO – NDAWARA (Ring road)
  6. the BAKEBE – Fontem – DSCHANG road, the preliminary studies available
  7. the Ntui – Yoko – Tibati road, studies being completed and search for funding,
  8. the Yaoundé bypassEast-West, search for design and funding.

Several bridges have been built and some are under construction. They are

–          the second bridge over Wouri river

–          the bridge over   Mayo Sala river

–          the bridge over Makabai river

–          etc

A-3 Railway

In view of exploiting the mining deposits and extension of railway lines, construction projects are under studies and some concession contracts for studies, financing, construction and operating are in negotiation with private investors. They concern:

–          the new Mbalam – Lolabé ( ore terminal ) railway line

–          the new Edea – Kribi – Lolabé raillway line

–          the doubling of the Makor – Yaounde – Edea railway line

–          the construction of Douala – Limbe railway line

–          the interconnection railway with Chad, Nagoundéré – Ndjamena via Maroua – Kousseri, feasibility studies about to start.

B-Building material Industries

The development of infrastructure sector generated parallel development of industries producing construction materials: cement, rebar, zinc, wood and aggregates.

Concerning, for example cement, the monopoly is exercised by CIMENCAM company, with its two production plants including one in Douala in the southern part of the country with an annual output of 700 000 tons and the other at Figuil for the northern part of the country, is weaken by the increasing quantities of import cement by companies such as FOKOU, QUIFEYROU and SOCSUBA. Currently, a Nigerian-born investor is about to install a new factory in Douala. Korean investors are also planning to build another cement plant in Limbe.

Privatization of quarries for producing aggregates has led to the availability of aggregates in different regions of the country. However, production is insufficient and we are witnessing the proliferation of manual stone crushers. Other materials are imported or locally manufactured : these include rebars and zinc.

Civil engineering equipment

The only structure that has Civil Engineering Equipment is the National Equipment Pool (MATGENIE), under the supervision of the Ministry of Public Works. However, the number and quality of equipment available in this structure do not satisfy the demand. So this organization is considering in its action plan the acquisition of a number of equipment for the next three years.

The state of need earthmovers is as follows:

Grader automotive    161
Leveler tractor with Ripper    183
Shovel loader    128
excavator    24
Backhoe loader    53
Vibratory Roller    128
Hand roller    42
Finisher    20